In fact, it went further to explain access to essential medicines to include three main elements. This is largely due to the fact that, protection of intellectual property rights, specifically patents, leads to an increase in the price of these drugs.
Thus, translated to pharmaceuticals, the price of essential medicines is dependent on the price offered by the patent holder and as such a higher price is often quoted than that which is within the range of those most in need.
This agreement neither defines compulsory licensing nor specifies when exactly a compulsory license can be granted. It does however; stipulate under Article 31 that any WTO Member such as Kenya can issue a compulsory license after certain procedures have been met. This was further embodied in our Industrial Property Act of that attempts to give a concrete definition of compulsory licensing. It describes compulsory licensing as the means by which a government can license to a company, government agency or other party the right to use a patent without the consent of the patent holder.
Part XI of the Industrial Property Act provides for the exploitation of patented inventions by the government or by third persons authorized by the government. Section 80 1 a of the aforementioned Act, provides that such exploitation may only be carried out on the basis of public interest, in particular, national security, nutrition, health, environmental conservation or the development of any other vital sector of the national economy so required.
Section 80 1 b , further provides that the Managing Director of Kenya Industrial Property Institute KIPI , can on application to the licensee, in the prescribed form and after consultation with the Institute and the owner of the patent, order that the protected invention shall be exploited by the government ministry, department, agency or other person as the Minister may designate in the order, subject to the payment of adequate compensation to the owner of the patent in accordance with this section.
These solutions often check with government officials and other non-profit organisations and could eventually turn into a real solution apply in the real world. It is something that should get everyone excited. However, individual competitions also include scholarships and much more!
Furthermore, having a winning essay on your curriculum would also help you in advancing your career in your given field of study.
It creates credibility and adds value to your name. And as we know, a good name is worth more than gold. Most essay writing competitions focus on a singular theme. It allows the judges to sift through the hundreds, if not thousands of entries, and see who has the best position on the subject matter.
Depending on the given topic, it would be essential to familiarise yourself with all the resource material surrounding the subject matter. Read books, watch interviews, tutorials, webinars, online articles and much more.
Essentially, saturate yourself within the content to make the information flow from your fingertips. It will speed up the process of writing, help solidify your message and hopefully get you closer to walking away with first prize in the essay writing contest.
Another significant thing that you must always look at is the required format. Is it single spaced or double spaced? Is there a limit on the number of words you can use? What citation format is required? All of these elements might mean the difference between winning and being disqualified from the competition.
Many of these competitions require specific elements to include. There might also be elements such as age, geographical location, spoken language and much more that you should consider.
Kenya has plenty of opportunities to participate in essay writing competitions. Which is good news for writers looking for opportunities to showcase their work.
Welcome to Professional Writers Kenya, the leading Kenyan custom writing company based in Nairobi with years of experience on the market. With a team of excellent writers, we offer a variety of writing services ranging from report writing to editing, academic writing and article writing among others for both local and overseas clientele.
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